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2 edition of Influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis found in the catalog.

Influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis

Robert S. Turnbull

Influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis

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Published by University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry in Toronto .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Dip.Periodont.)--University of Toronto, 1971.

StatementRobert S. Turnbull.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16485284M


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Influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis by Robert S. Turnbull Download PDF EPUB FB2

The present investigation was undertaken firstly, to explore further the short-term changes which result in repair of the wounded periodontal ligament of teeth of limited eruption and secondly, to examine the osteodepressive influence of periodontal ligament during the early part of Cited by: Recently, the positively osteogenic effects of Epo on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted broad interest.

However, the effects of Epo on the osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLSCs) and periodontitis mesenchymal stem cells (pPDLSCs) from patients with periodontitis remain by: 5.

Follicular dendritic cell secreted protein (FDC‐SP), has been identified in human periodontal ligament (PDL) in a recent study. It is suggested that the expression of FDC‐SP might be associated with the osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs).Cited by: 8.

Author: Melcher AH, Journal: Archives of oral biology[/12] Repair of wounds in the periodontium of the rat. Influence of periodontal ligament on by: Objective. This study aims to offer insights about the biological influence of TAZ, which is a transcriptional coactivator containing a PDZ‐binding motif, upon the apoptosis, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (h‐PDLSCs).Author: Ke Gu, Xucheng Fu, Hui Tian, Yafei Zhang, Aonan Li, Ying Wang, Yong Wen, Weiting Gu.

Periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue, which originates from cranial neural-crest-derived ectomesenchymal cells (1), is a specialized fibrous connective tissue located between the cementum of the tooth root and the alveolar bone2).

PDL (serves a role in anchoring teeth and maintaining the structural integrity of the periodontium (2). The 1st premolar was moved and the 3rd premolar was the anchor tooth. The right side was subjected to periodontal ligament distraction osteogenesis (PLDO group) and the left side conventional orthodontic treatment using a closed-coil spring (CCS group).

Untreated teeth served as a control : Shunsuke Nagano, Ryuji Shimojima, Takenobu Ishii, Kenji Sueishi.

Osteogenesis is one of the principal components of periodontal tissue development as well as regeneration. As pluripotent cells with unlimited proliferative potential and differentiation ability. In healthy patients, abundant periodontal ligament fibroblasts block osteogenesis within the periodontium by releasing locally acting regulators, such as cytokines and growth factors, thereby maintaining separation of tooth root from alveolar bone Necrosis of the periodontal ligament’s cellular elements by desiccation, crushing or.

Smoking and periodontal disease Section 4 - Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Systemic Health Influence of systemic conditions on the periodontium EphrinB2, a membrane protein regulating bone homeostasis, has been demonstrated to induce osteogenic gene expression in periodontal ligament fibroblasts.

The aim of this study was to explore the effects of ephrinB2 on osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells and on alveolar bone regeneration in vivo. Effects of TGF-[beta] inhibition on osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis by periodontal ligament fibroblasts from patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva Teun J.

de Vries 1, Ton Schoenmaker 1, Dimitra Micha 2, Coen Netelenbos 3, Gerard Pals 2, Marelise W. Eekhoff 3 & Nathalie Bravenboer 3Author: Vries Teun J. de, Ton Schoenmaker, Dimitra Micha, Coen Netelenbos, Gerard Pals, Marelise W. Eekhoff. metabolism, however, its influence on osteogenesis remains controversial.

The present study aimed to investigate. the effects of EGCG on the proliferation and osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). Methods: Cells were cultured in osteogenic medium and treated with EGCG at various : Jie Liu, Yi Lu, Jin Liu, Changxiong Jin, Yuchen Meng, Dandan Pei.

A subpopulation of osteoblast-like fibroblasts, rich in alkaline phosphatase. capacity to give rise to bone cells, cementoblasts. maintain the normal width preventing the encroachment of bone and cementum into the PDL space REFERENCE Melcher A.

Repair of wounds in the periodontium of the rat, influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis. Influence of periodontal ligament on osteogenesis Arch Oral Biol ;15(12) () Beertsen W, Mcculloch CA, Sodek J The Periodontal Ligament: A Unique, Multifunctional Connective Tissue Periodontol ; cable in periodontal tissue regeneration.

INTRODUCTION Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases, affecting up to 90% of the world’s population. Caused by trauma or infection, periodontal disease destroys the supporting structures of the teeth, including the peri-odontal ligament (PDL), alveolar bone, and cementum.

Periodontal ligament cells can potentially differentiate into osteoblast-like cells and influence the remodeling of periodontal tissues under mechanical strain conditions. In the present study, Gene chip technology was adopted to investigate the effect of the cyclic stretch on the expression of osteogenic-related genes in human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs).Cited by: The effects of fluid shear stress on proliferation and osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament cells Article in Journal of Biomechanics 49(4).

The periodontal ligament (PDL) is highly ordered connective tissue located between the alveolar bone and cementum. An aligned and organized architecture is required for its physiological function.

We applied micropatterning technology to arrange PDL cells in or μm-wide extracellular protein patterns.

Cell and nuclear morphology, cytoskeleton, proliferation Cited by: 7. BACKGROUND: Epigallocatechingallate (EGCG) was recently proposed to have the potential to regulate bone metabolism, however, its influence on osteogenesis remains controversial.

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of EGCG on the proliferation and osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs).Author: Jie Liu, Yi Lu, Jin Liu, Changxiong Jin, Yuchen Meng, Dandan Pei. Periodontal ligament progenitor cells (PDLPs), with stem-cell-like properties, exhibit great potential for repair periodontal tissue including the formation of new bone [5, 6].

Therefore, the development of effective strategies for promoting osteogenic differentiation of PDLPs has attracted particular attention in the field of periodontal Cited by: The periodontal ligament is a “suture” between alveolar bone and tooth.

The process of osteogenesis in the periodontal ligament during orthodontic tooth movement is similar to that in the midpalatal suture during rapid palatal expansion or to that in the midface sutures in the growing animal during mid face distraction.

and neutrophils in periodontal tissue, is considered to be a major nexus for virulence in periodontitis. 2 Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) exist in the periodontal ligament (PDL) and are multipotent cells that can differentiate into osteogenic, adipogenic, neurogenic, and chondrogenic lineages in vitro.

Furthermore, these cells can beCited by: 5. Influence of cryopreservation on human periodontal ligament cells in vitro Article in Cell and Tissue Banking 9(1) April with 22 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The regeneration of periodontal tissues to cure periodontitis remains a medical challenge. Therefore, it is of great importance to develop a novel biomaterial that could induce cementogenesis and osteogenesis in periodontal tissue engineering. Calcium silicate (Ca–Si) based ceramics have been found to be pot.

This study evaluated the role of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs)-derived exosomes in periodontitis progression and discovered whether hPDLFs influence bone remodeling activity via exosome : Mengyuan Zhao, Wenyu Dai, Hongzhe Wang, Chaoran Xue, Jie Feng, Yiruo He, Peiqi Wang, Sijia Li, Ding.

Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) possess self-renewal, multilineage differentiation, and immunomodulatory properties.

They play a crucial role in maintaining periodontal homeostasis and also participated in orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Various studies have applied controlled mechanical stimulation to PDLSCs and investigated the effects of orthodontic force Cited by: 2.

Distraction osteogenesis has numerous applications in the treatment of conditions affecting the dentofacial complex, from midface advancement to orthodontic tooth movement produced by transversal distraction of the periodontal ligament.

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that periodontium can be consistently distracted Cited by: 8. “DEVELOPMENT of PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT” Periodontal Ligament3 Introduction It is dense fibrous connective tissue that is noticeably cellular and contains numerous blood vessels.

Average width - mm to mm It is thinnest around the middle third of the root, with an hour glass appearance. The development of biomimetic bone graft materials for periodontal tissue engineering is a field of topical interest.

In this study, we designed a dual-functionalized apatite nanocomposite, which could integrate multiple molecular cues for manipulating the fate of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). Briefly, inspired by mussels, a biomimetic nanohydroxyapatite was fabricated Author: MingLi Xiang, Mengyuan Zhu, Zun Yang, Ping He, Jingjing Wei, Xiang Gao, Jinlin Song.

Request PDF | Chapter 9. Periodontal Ligament Text book of Oral Embryology and Histology | Chapter Periodontal Ligament Sukumaran Anil, Sivapada Sundaram Development of Periodontium Start studying Chapter 8 Dental JKW.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For example, animal studies show that a single dose of recombinant human (rh) BMP‐2 increases the rate of normal intramembranous bone formation and enhanced cementum formation during periodontal wound healing.

However, the optimal effects of BMPs are modulated by a range of factors that need careful evaluation in clinical by:   "Craniofacial Distraction Osteogenesis" showcases the technique that has become one of the hottest topics in orthodontics and oral and maxillofacial surgery today.

Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical process for reconstruction of skeletal deformities that involves gradual, controlled displacement of surgicaly created fractures resulting in. Introduction: To understand the effects of low-magnitude, high-frequency (LMHF) mechanical vibration at different intensities on human periodontal ligament stem cell (hPDLSC) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation.

Material and methods The effect of vibration on hPDLSC proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, tenogenic differentiation and cytoskeleton was Cited by:   A Comparative Study of Human Periodontal Ligament Cells and Gingival Fibroblasts in vitro Show all authors.

we compared human periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts, both derived from the same patient, same passage, in vitro. Influence of Periodontal Ligament on Osteogenesis, Arch Oral Biot Google Scholar Cited by: Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), which reside in the perivascular space of the periodontium, possess characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells and are a promising tool for periodontal regeneration.

Recently, great progress has been made in PDLSC transplantation. Investigators are attempting to maximize the proliferation and differentiation potential of Cited by: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent afflictions worldwide.

The most serious consequence is the loss of the periodontal supporting structures, which includes the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and cementum resulting in the early loss of teeth. Bone replacement grafts are widely used to pro-mote new bone formation and periodontalFile Size: KB.

TLR3 or TLR4 triggering increased the osteogenesis in AT- and, to lesser extent, in BM-MSC. In conclusion, WJ-MSC constitutively disclose a lower osteogenic potential as compared with BM and AT-MSC, which is not affected by TLR triggering but is strongly increased by inflammation, then reaching the level of by: Malsuda N.

Uno M-I, Evidence for up-regulation of epidermal growth factor receptors on rat periodontal ligament fibroblast cells. associated with stablligation of phenotype.

Arch oral boil – Melcher A. Repair of wounds in the periodontium of the rat, influence of periodontal ligament on : Vidhi Dhakray, Manoj Mittal, Prateek Khanna, Meetu Jain, Bipin Yadav. Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze proliferation, inflammation, and osteogenic effects on periodontal ligament (PDL) cells after low-level laser therapy (LLLT) under simulated orthodontic tension conditions.

Background data: Low-level lasers affect fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis and reduce by: